• Yellow Gumba, Nagarjun Municipality, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • +977- 01-4880621
  • ageingnep@gmail.com

Category Archives: Blog

International Day of Older Persons

Prapti Gautam                                                                                                                                  8 Oct. 2018

International Day of Older Persons

The Day for Older Persons (IDOP), a day designated by the UN in 14th of December 1990 was celebrated globally on 1 Oct. 2018. It was observed for the first time on 1st October, 1991 to make people aware about the issues affecting elders as well as to appreciate and value their significant contribution towards the society. This day is celebrated every year throughout the world including Nepal where issues affecting senior citizens are raised, public awareness is built by all the organizations working for ageing population in order to create and sustain suitable environment for elderly.

Each year different theme is chosen for the celebration so that people can realize the magnitude and priority placed for older persons. For 2018 International Day for Older People (IDOP) campaign goes under a theme “Celebrating Older Human Rights Champions” with the following aims:

1) Promote the rights enshrined in the Declaration from the second World Conference on Ageing and what it means in the daily lives of older persons;

2) Raise the visibility of senior citizen as participating members of society committed to improving the enjoyment of human rights in many areas of life and not just those that affect them  immediately;

3) Reflect on progress and challenges in ensuring full and equal enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms by older persons; and

4) Engage broad audience across the world and mobilize people for human rights at all stages of life.

Observing mentioned themes; one can realize that all persons should have their rightful position at old age without any discrimination in the society as well as their roles and contributions made during young days shouldn’t be ignored. Older people’s rights matters more these days because the demographic revolution is underway all over the world. In 2017 almost 962 million people were 60 above and it is projected to reach nearly 1.4 billion by 2030 and expected to double again by 2050. For the first time in human history, the number of people over 60 will exceed the number of children. Moreover, the increase rate of older people is the highest and most rapid in the developing countries, and Asia has the largest share. According to census of 2001, Nepal had 6.5% of elderly population (60+) that reached up to 8.31% in 2011 and it is escalating at the rate of 3.5%.

Women, children and people with disabilities are all protected through special international conventions but no such convention exists for senior citizen despite their high vulnerability. In our country Nepal there is a huge gap that needs to be bridged to support older people within existing human rights standards. There are no senior citizens specific human rights to address the multiple forms of discrimination -elder abuse, neglect, palliative care and so on. These concerns are not adequately addressed in existing human right standard.

In recent years, elder abuse is in rise and most of them are experienced in their own homes and in nursing homes/day care centers. Many elders who face abuse are not even allowed to make any decision about their personal life such as money matters, property,  use of old age allowance, health care, food , clothing, to name a few.

There are only few countries that collect the data on violation of the rights of older people where Nepal is far behind in these matters. This kind of violation continues as there is lack of information regarding the prevalence of these abuses. This may be because older people are seen as a charity-recipient rather than holders of their own human rights. For that reason, older people’s rights are exceptionally neglected in the current human rights framework. Thus, to bridge the huge gap all organizations working for welfare of senior citizens comes together every year on October 1st and organize various programmes that supports, protect and promote older rights through demonstration of promotional material at schools, institution, offices and public notice boards so that people will be encouraged about their roles and responsibility towards their lives.

It can be concluded that senior citizens play an important role in contributing for betterment of the society through their experiences and wisdom. Strong and protected older rights will enable the nation and the world to become strong as a whole. Hence, human rights-based approach must be adopted in order to change people’s perception from a charity-recipient to a rights holder.

 

Sustainable Development: For Older Person

Prasamsa Shrestha                                                                                                                         25 Sep 2018

Sustainable Development: For Older Person

Considering the global problems “Poverty, Inequality and Climate Change”, 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development-a set of 17 goals aiming to transform the world over the next 15 years,on 25th September 2015.

Nepal, being the least developed country with the population of about 30 million is an active member of the global initiative for sustainable development. Its development plans and programmes are geared towards the implementation of Sustainable Development Agenda whereas its target to achieve the SDGs has fortified the country’s drive to the path of prosperity.

SDGs and Old Age

According to data from World Population Prospects: the 2017 Revision, the number of Older person (60 years or over) is expected to more than double by 2050 and to more than triple by 2100, rising from 962 million globally in 2017 to 2.1 billion in 2050.

SDGs do not stand alone. Its achievement of one goal has implication on others. Therefore, if older person are left behind, SDGs cannot achieved with its major theme of “Leaving No one Behind”. These goals are comprehensive and challenging which demand huge resources, efforts across countries and inclusion of people of all ages.

Issues & Challenges

Even though SDGs has been focusing on the pledge ‘Leaving no one behind’, Nepal lacks targets focusing particularly on older person. Most of the older people compel to suffer from poverty, poor health care and undernourishment. Although government has set target to address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant, lactating women and children, there are no specific interventions mentioned or planned particularly for older persons.

Furthermore, SDG 3 lacks the target and indicators for the healthy life of older person. People are still unaware about geriatric health. A concern to Reproductive health has always concentrated on child bearing women although its consequences are seen mostly in older age.

Many studies have revealed that globally one in six elder face abuse. In Nepal, a majority of the elders even do not realize that they are being abused. It is estimated that each year about 4000 older people suffer from elder abuse in Nepal. Similarly, when catastrophic earthquake hit Nepal in 2015, there were no emergency preparedness services for older people. Older persons are extremely vulnerable in such emergency situation but still their concerns are being ignored.

Nepal has been addressing the issues of gender inequality since decades. But because of the long history of gender inequality that prevailed in Nepali society, most of the women are now illiterate in their older age. The present day society is prohibitive to illiterates especially older people alienating them from mainstream of society. To address this issue, Ageing Nepal – a NGO – piloted Basic Literacy Class for Older Persons in 2016 with support from UN Committee of Ageing. Despite the success achieved and replications made, literacy for older person is not yet included in any educational programme of the government. This leads to conclude that older persons are left behind as far as SDG 4 is concerned.

SDGs have provided an important platform for Nepal to address many developmental issues including concerns of older persons. It has given opportunity to identify elder issues through research and implement evidence based policies and programmes. Therefore, it is high time for our Government to achieve sustainable development goals ensuring betterment of older person.

AGEING RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP 2018: CALL FOR APPLICATIONS

 

AGEING RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP 2018: CALL FOR APPLICATIONS

Last date of application: 31st May 2018

Ageing Nepal, in association with Ageing Nepal Switzerland, is offering three fellowships in the year 2018 to support students in their Master’s thesis as a partial fulfillment of the academic requirements of their Master’s degree in any field of study.

The applicant must be a full time student enrolled in a Master’s level program in one of the universities of Nepal. The research topic must be related to the issue of ageing (60+ years) population in Nepal. The thesis has to be written in English and must be completed by the end of January 2019.

Interested Master’s level students are requested to submit an application in the prescribed format to ageingnep@gmail.com. Application forms are available at: http://ageingnepal.org/?p=2900&preview=true 

This grant is for three students only. The selected researchers will be granted Rs. 40,000 before taxes and in two instalments. Forty percent of the total amount will be paid to each researcher at the beginning of their field work. The remaining sixty percent will be paid after the thesis is approved by the concerned authority of each researcher’s respective academic institution. Two hard and one soft copy of the approved thesis must be submitted to Ageing Nepal.

Application deadline is 31st May 2018. Applications submitted after this date will not be processed. Applications must be typed in Times New Roman font, size 12.

For further information please contact:

Lea Frei or Krishna M. Gautam

Ageing Nepal

ageingnep@gmail.com

Phone: +977-1-4485827

House no. 340, Ramchandra Marg

Battisputali, Kathmandu